Dearness Allowance linked to Consumer Price Index against inflation...

Dearness Allowance linked to Consumer Price Index against inflation...

General Secretary of Confederation for Karnataka State Shri P.S.Prasad has written an article on his blog about the Consumer Price Index for the purpose of calculating Dearness allowance to Central Government employees and Pensioners...

The detailed report of article has been reproduced and given below for your information...


The Consumer Price Index is the main base for calculation of Dearness Allowance for the Central Government and State Government Employees and also the Industrial and Bank Employees.

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is calculated using following steps:

a) Market prices are collected for 252 items by the Officials of Department of Statics and Department of Posts. These prices of that item & place are sent to Central processing unit from 78 centres all over India ( which are enclosed for your reference).

b) The all India weights given the each category of items such as food 49.71%, housing 9.77 %, fuel 9.49% , footwear O.68%, transportation 7.5%, Medical 5.31%, Personnel care 2.92 % & Miscellaneous 26.31% total 100% . CPI points are determined using this all India weights and prices of the 252 items. (which are enclosed for your reference).

Now from the angle of Employees point of view following changes in all India weights should be brought.
a) Housing should be given as 15% instead of just 9.77 %.
b) Medical should be increased to 15% from 5.31 %.
c) The Miscellaneous items should be reduced to just 5% instead of 26.31 %

The prices have risen by over 200% in last 61/2 years, whereas the CPI has shown an increase from 115 points in Jan 2006 to 235 points in July 2013 that means an increase of 120 points and the actual DA is only 92%. There is fault in the calculation of CPI itself apart from present DA formula , as undue all India weights is given for some items such as miscellaneous items such as 26% whatever increase in prices of the food, fuel, transportation, housing are nullified by these 26% decrease in prices or marginal increase in miscellaneous items.

The Employees are not getting the right DA and thus they are not compensated by the real increase in prices which are used for daily needs.

A new series for the calculation of the Consumer Price Index is under preparation by the Government of India. For this purpose, Government has set up a Standing Tripartite Committee (STC) to advise the Government on issues pertaining to the Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers (New Series).

There are two aspects in this move we should be doubly carefull.

1) There is vast difference between the real price increase and CPI thus an Employee is deprived of the real DA.

2) The Government of India is thinking that the CPI is bloated or wrong that has made burden on the financial burden on them hence it wants to reduce its expenditure by modifying the CPI as a result of this what DA we used to get 10% half yearly and this year by 20%, this can be avoided by next year, hence it is seriously considering the aspect of revising the All India weights of many items such as food which is at 59% to 30%. By this the whole CPI increase will be limited to just 8 to 9 points in a year rather than 25 points in a year by this we get only 3 to 4 % DA every six months rather than 10% DA which we are used to get due to high inflation and drastic rise in prices.

Now the statements issued by Government of India officials ie Reserve Bank Governor Shri D.Subbarao & Shri Kaushik Basu, Chief Economic Advisor, Ministry of Finance, which is enclosed indicate this stand. Instead of employees friendly CPI they want a Government of India friendly CPI.

The wages of CG employees are determined by principle of need based minimum wages as per table 2.21 of 6th CPC report where in only a few items are chosen rather than 252 items chosen by CPI.

I request one and all to be serious about this issue otherwise the Employees will suffer in a long run regarding wrong calculation of CPI and DA issue.

Comradely yours
General Secretary

Please find enclosures ;

Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India has decided to prepare a new series of Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers.

For this purpose, Government has set up a Standing Tripartite Committee (STC) to advise the Government on issues pertaining to the Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers (New Series).

The STC will go into details of various parameters that are taken into consideration for updation of the base year such as the weighting diagram. consumption basket, selection of centres, sample size of establishments for price collection etc.

Government has no specific information about the skilled/semi-skilled worker outsourced by the Central Government /State Governments through contractors not being paid as per the CPI.

However, the Contract Labour Act, 1970 inter-alia, contains provisions for payment of wages to these category of workers.

The contract workers are also entitled to receive minimum wages as notified by the appropriate Governments from time to time.

This information was given by Minister of State for Labour & Employment Shri Kodikurinil Suresh in the Lok Sabha today in reply to a written question.

MUMBAI: The new series of consumer price index (CPI) is not enough for a robust statistical analysis of prices, Reserve Bank Governor D Suhharao said on Friday.

He also said the new CPI has an excess focus on food prices, which has a 50% weight. House rents, which account for 10%, are also a cause for concern given doubts over the efficacy of the prices, he added.

“The new CPI has only 19 data points which is not sufficient for a statistically robust analysis,” Subbarao, who demits office on September 5, said while speaking at the Statistics Day conference at the RBI headquarters here.

Dearness allowance link brings retail inflation figures under cloud

SMRITI SETH, ET Bureau Jul 19, 2011. 0347am 1ST.
http:/Iarticles.econom ictimes.indiatim 11-07-1 9/news129790925_1 _cpi-iwretail-inflation-wpi-ancl-cpi

NEW DELHI There could be a systemic over-estimation of the retail inflation as measured by the consumer price index for industrial workers, or CPI-1W, as it forms the basis for revision in the dearness allowance of central government employees.

This retail measure of inflation has generally shown a wide divergence with the widely followed wholesale price index (WPI) inflation. “Since the people who collect data for the CPI get their salaries indexed by the same index it actually feeds into some tendency to bloat that,” said Kaushik Basu, Chief Economic Advisor, Ministry of Finance. The CPI-IW is compiled by the Labour Bureau and investigators are employed by state governments - directorate of economics and statistics - to collect the prices.

The index is used to decide the dearness allowance of central government employees, which creates the incentive for bloating up the index. ‘We have found a couple of items that occur in both the WPI and CPI collected by different agencies. We are now tracking these two to see it there is any bias in them. But there are no results as yet,” Basu said. “A team at the ministry of finance is looking at various aspects of inflation, this is one thing we are indeed looking at,” he said. The labour bureau has strongly denied any such possibility and insisted there was no form of manipulation whatsoever.

“Our system is fool proof, there are multiple levels of checks. There is no bias in the data collected,” said an official at the Labour Bureau. Even experts are skeptical of the possibility of such widespread coordination between all those involved in the process. “It may be true and there is an incentive to do that (unfairly bloat the CPI-IW), but one can’t say that without empirical prool “. said Arup Mura, labour and employment professor, IEG.

This needs a nexus, because unless all the officials coordinate it won’t be possible,” added Mitra. The CPI-IW and WPI have shown vastly diverging trends through the years. During 2009, when inflation rate as per the CPI-IW was actually rising above 11%, the WPI inflation rate was falling to negative rates.

Since January 1, 2008 the rate of dearness allowance for central government employees has risen from 12% to 51%, an increase of 39 percentage points. According to a Patnaik, professor, NIPFP, the divergence can be explained by the difference in baskets used for both the indices. She dismissed the collectors’ bias theory, saying, “in a study, we found that the prices for a particular commodity reported under CPI is in line with other sources like the NCDEX, ministry of agriculture data. So evidence doesn’t suggest a bias,” said Patnaik.

CPI—AII India weights -2011

See website:

Sl. NoSub group/ ItemRuralUrbanCombined 
01Cereals and products 19.088.73 14.59
02Pulses and products3.251.872.65
03Milk and milk products8.596.617.73
04Oils and fats 4.672.893.90
05Egg, fish and meat 3.38 2.262.89
06Vegetables 6.573.96 5.44
07 Fruits1.90 1.88 1.89
08Sugar etc 2.411.261.91
09Condiments and spices2.13 1.161.71
10Non- alcoholic beverages2.042.022.03
11Prepared meals etc2.573.172.83
12 Pan, tobacco and Intoxicants 2.731.352.13
Food, beverages and tobacco 59.31 37.1549.71

Sl. NoSub group/ ItemRuralUrbanCombined 
Miscellaneous Items
01Fuel and light10.428.40 9.49
02 Clothing and bedding4.603.344.05
03 Footwear 0.77 0.57 0.68
04HousingNil 22.539.77
05Education2.714.18 3.35
06Medical care 6.72 4.345.69
07 Recreation and amusement1.001.991.43
08 Transport and communication 5.839.84 7.57
09 Personal care and effects 3.05 2.742.92
10Household requisites 4.48 4.30 4.40
06Miscellaneous 24.91 28.0026.31

From the above it is quite clear there is no weightage for rural housing &
Miscellaneous weightage is much more than required.
Which is effecting DA calculation.

List of 252 Items

1101011 rice 1 (other than PDS)
2101012rice 2 (other than PDS)
4101041 muri / murmura
5101061 wheat (loose) -other than PDS
6 101062 wheat(loose)- other than PDS
7 101071 wheat atta(other than PDS)
8101081 maida
9 101091 suji / rawa
10 101121bread: bakery
11101141 jowar
12 101151 jowar product (specify)
14 101241ragi
15 101251ragi product (specify)
16 101261 other cereals (specify)
17 101281 grinding charges18 102011 arhar/ tur
19 102021 gram: split
20 102031 gram: whole
21102041 moong
23102101other pulses (specify)
24102131 other pulse products(specify)
25103031 groundnut oil
26103041 coconut oil (edible)
27103051 other edible oil(saffola/ sunflower etc.) specify
28104011 eggs
29104021 fish (fresh)
30104022 fish (fresh)
31 104023 fish (dry)
32 104031goat meat / mutton
33 104041beef
34 104051buffalo meat
35 104071 chicken
36 105011 milk (pasteurized)
37105013 milk (non-pasteurized -cow)
38105051 curd
39105061 ghee
40105091other milk products (specify)
43 106031black pepper
44106041 dry chillies
45106051 tamarind
46106061 curry powder
47106071 oil seeds
48106081 other spices: like jeera
49106082 other spices: like dhaniya
50 107011 potato
51107021 onion
52107031 radish
53107041 carrot
54107061 beet
55107091 pumpkin
56 107101 gourd
57 107111 bitter gourd
58 107121 cucumber
59107141 jhinga, torai
60107181cabbage61 107191 brinjal
62107201ladys finger
64107221 other leafy vegetables (specify)
65107231 french beans
66 107251 tomato
67 107271 chillis: green
68 107311 lemon
69 107321 garlic
70 107331 ginger
71 107341 other vegetables(specify)
74 108051coconut
75108081 orange
76 108091mausami
77 108111mango
79 108181grapes
80 108191other fresh fruits (specify)
81108201coconut: copra
82108211 ground nut
83109011 sugar
84 109021 gur
85 110011 tea: leaf
86110021 coffee: powder
87111011 tea: cups
88111021 coffee: cups
89111071 coconut: green (tender)
90111081 other beverages (specify)
91111091 biscuits
92111101 salted refreshments: specify
93111102 salted refreshments: specify
94111103 salted refreshments: specify
95111111 prepared sweets: specify
96111112 prepared sweets: specify
97111113 prepared sweets: specify
98111114 prepared sweets: specify
99 111121 cooked meals
100111151 pickles
101 111161 sauce
102111171 jam / jelly
103111181other processed food (corn flakes etc) specify
104112011 pan: leaf
105112031 supari
106112071 bidi
107112081 cigarettes (filtered)
108112082 cigarettes (non- filtered)
109112101 leaf tobacco
110112151 other tobacco products (specify)
111 112201foreign liquor/refined liquor(Indian made)
112 201021 firewood and chips
113 201031electricity (std. unit)
114 201041kerosene (open market)
115201051match box
116201071 LPG cylinder (domestic)
117201091 candle
118201101 other fuel (specify)
119401011 dhoti
121 401031cloth for shirt
122 401032 cloth for pyjama
123 401034 cloth for blouse
124401041 cloth for coat (woolen)
125 401042 cloth for pant/trousers
126 401061 lungi
127 401071 towel/gamchha
128 401081 vest/banian (gents)
129 401082 brief/underwear (gents)
130 401083 socks (gents)
131 401091 ready-made shirt
132 401092 ready made pant/trousers/jeans
133 401093 ready made skirt/ frock(child 6-10 years)
134 401094 ready made top (ladies)
135 401095 ready made salwar suit
136 401101 sweater/ pullover (gents)
137401102sweater/ cardigan (ladies)
138401121bed sheet
140401992clothing others (specify)
141401993mats & matting
142402011leather shoes (gents)
143 402012leather shoes (children)
144 402021leather sandals/chappals (gents)
145 402022leather chappals (ladies)
146402023leather sandals/chappals (children)
147 402031rubber/ PVC footwear (gents)
148 402032 rubber/ PVC footwear (ladies)
149 402041other footwear (sports shoes etc.) specify
150 402990 other leather footwear (specify)
151501011 pain killer tablet (allopathic)
152501012 cough syrup: coscopin plus (above 8 years of age)
153 501013 vitamin B complex: tablet
154 501014anti fever tab. (allopathic)
155 501015anti biotic tab (allopathic)156 501016 cough syrup (homeopathic)
157 501018 tonic (homeopathic)
158 501019chavanprash
159 501021 X-ray(chest) Posterior to anterior view
160 501022 ECG
161501023 lipid profile test
162501024 blood sugar (fasting & pp) test
163 501031 doctor’s fee (first consultation)
164501990 hospital/nursing home charges
165501991 other medical expenses (specify)
166502011primary (5th class) mathematics book
167502012 primary (5th class) science book
168502013 primary (5th class) local language book
169 502014 secondary (10th class) mathematics book
170502015 secondary (10th class) social science book
171502016secondary (10th class) science book
172502017first year (B.A.) economics book
173502018first year ( B. Com) accountancy book
174 502019first year (B.Sc.) mathematics book
175502021newspapers: local
176502022news paper : national
177502023 periodicals/magazines
178502041 copy/ note book
179502042 register
181 502044pencil
182 502051tuition fees (fifth class)
183 502052tuition fees (tenth class)
184 502053tuition fees (first year graduation)
185 502061private tutor fee (primary)
186 502062 private tutor fee (secondary)
187 502063 coaching (professional courses fee)
188 502990 other educational expenses (specify)
189 503011cinema: new release (normal day)
190 503021foot ball
191 503022 cricket bat (regular size)
192 503023 lawn tennis racket for beginner
193 503024 carrom board194 503025 playing cards
195503051hiring charges for CD/DVD video cassettes
196503061 monthly charges for cable TV connection
197503071transistor/satellite radio
199 503992 other entertainment(specify)
200504011telephone charges: same operator
201504021mobile phone charges : same operator
202504022mobile phone charges : different operators
203504061 taxi fare
204 504062 auto-rickshaw fare
205 504091petrol
206 504101diesel
207 504111lubricating oil/engine oil
208 504121school bus/van
209 504141 motor cycle (without accessories)
210504142 scooter (without accessories) cost on road
211504151motor car (without accessories)
212505051toilet soap
213505061 tooth brush (adult)
214505062 tooth paste
215505071telcome powder
216505072 snow / cream
217505073 lipstick
218505074body lotion
219 505081hair oil
220 505082 hair dye
221 505083shampoo
222505101shaving blades
223505102shaving razor
224505121sanitary napkins
225505131other toilet articles: (freshener / perfume) specify
226505141flower (fresh)
227506011electric bulb
228506012 tube light (without fitting)
229506041 plastic bucket
230 506051washing soap / detergent
231506061 other washing requisite(brush/cleaner etc)
232506071 agarbati
233506081 mosquito repellant / insecticides
234 506091 other petty articles (broom etc.) specify
235506101 domestic servant236 506121 miscellaneous expenses: photocopying charges
237506122 other consumer services: driver (car)
238506123 other consumer services: cleaner (car)
239506124 other consumer services: cobbler(shoe repair)
240506141iron almirah
242506201stainless steel (cooking pot)
243506202stainless steel (plate)
245507011hair cutting charges (gent)
246507012hair cutting charges (ladies)
247507021washerman / laundry
248507022ironing charges
249507031tailoring charges for gents pant:
250507032 tailoring charge for gents shirt:
251507033 tailoring charges for ladies suit:
252507034 tailoring charges for blouse:

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